Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Inverse Analysis of the Residual Stress in Laser–Assisted Milling

Version 1 : Received: 16 June 2019 / Approved: 17 June 2019 / Online: 17 June 2019 (04:15:13 CEST)

How to cite: Feng, Y.; Hung, T.; Lu, Y.; Lin, Y.; Hsu, F.; Lin, C.; Lu, Y.; Liang, S.Y. Inverse Analysis of the Residual Stress in Laser–Assisted Milling. Preprints 2019, 2019060152 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0152.v1). Feng, Y.; Hung, T.; Lu, Y.; Lin, Y.; Hsu, F.; Lin, C.; Lu, Y.; Liang, S.Y. Inverse Analysis of the Residual Stress in Laser–Assisted Milling. Preprints 2019, 2019060152 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0152.v1).

Abstract

In laser-assisted milling, higher temperature in shear zone softens the material potentially resulting in a shift of mean residual stress, which significantly affects the damage tolerance and fatigue performance of product. In order to guide the selection of laser and cutting parameters based on the preferred mean residual stress, inverse analysis is conducted by predicting residual stress based on guessed process parameters, which is defined as the forward problem, and applying iterative gradient search to find process parameters for next iteration, which is defined as the inverse problem. An analytical inverse analysis is therefore proposed for the mean residual stress in laser-assisted milling. The forward problem is solved by analytical prediction of mean residual stress after laser-assisted milling. The residual stress profile is predicted through the calculation of thermal stress, by treating laser beam as heat source, and plastic stress by first assuming pure elastic stress in loading process, then obtaining true stress with kinematic hardening followed by the stress relaxation. The variance-based recursive method is applied to solve inverse problem by updating process parameters to match the measured mean residual stress. Three cutting parameters including depth of cut, feed per tooth, and cutting speed, and two laser parameters including laser-tool distance and laser power, are updated with respected to the minimization of resulting residual stress and measurement in each iteration. Experimental measurements are referred on the laser-assisted milling of Ti-6Al-4V grade 5 and ELI. The percentage difference between experiments and predictions is less than 5% for both materials, and the selection is completed within 50 loops.

Subject Areas

inverse analysis; iterative gradient search; laser-assisted milling; residual stress; Ti-6Al-4V

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