Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Deterministic Methodology for Determining the Optimal Sampling Frequency of Water Quality Monitoring Systems

Version 1 : Received: 4 June 2019 / Approved: 5 June 2019 / Online: 5 June 2019 (10:29:22 CEST)

How to cite: Al-Khafaji, M. Deterministic Methodology for Determining the Optimal Sampling Frequency of Water Quality Monitoring Systems. Preprints 2019, 2019060038 Al-Khafaji, M. Deterministic Methodology for Determining the Optimal Sampling Frequency of Water Quality Monitoring Systems. Preprints 2019, 2019060038

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel deterministic methodology for estimating the optimal sampling frequency (SF) of water quality monitoring systems. The proposed methodology is based on employing two-dimensional contaminant transport simulation models to determine the minimum SF considering all the potential changes in the boundary conditions of a water body. A two-dimensional contaminant transport simulation model (RMA4) was implemented to estimate the distribution patterns of the total dissolved solids (TDS) within the Al-Hammar Marsh in the southern part of Iraq for 30 cases of potential boundary conditions. Using geographical information system (GIS) tools, a spatiotemporal analysis approach was applied to the results of the RMA4 model to determine the minimum SF of the monitoring stations with an accuracy level of detectable change in TDS concentration (ALC) of 5%, 10% and 15%. The proposed methodology specified a minimum and maximum SF for each monitoring station (MS) that ranged between 12 and 33 times per year, respectively. Additionally, increasing the ALC to 10% and 15% increase the minimum SF for some MSs by approximately 18% and 21%, respectively. However, the proposed methodology includes all the potential values and cases of boundary conditions, which increases the certainty of monitoring the system and the efficiency of the SF schedule. Moreover, the proposed methodology can be effectively applied to all types of surface water resources.

Subject Areas

Sampling frequency; deterministic approach; simulation model; water quality.

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