Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

In vitro Expression, Characterisation and Subcellular Localisation of AvrPi54 Protein, an Effector of Rice Blast Fungus Magnaporthe oryzae

Version 1 : Received: 3 June 2019 / Approved: 4 June 2019 / Online: 4 June 2019 (12:58:01 CEST)

How to cite: Saklani, B.K.; Arora, K.; Asthana, R.K.; Sharma, T.R. In vitro Expression, Characterisation and Subcellular Localisation of AvrPi54 Protein, an Effector of Rice Blast Fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Preprints 2019, 2019060031 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0031.v1). Saklani, B.K.; Arora, K.; Asthana, R.K.; Sharma, T.R. In vitro Expression, Characterisation and Subcellular Localisation of AvrPi54 Protein, an Effector of Rice Blast Fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Preprints 2019, 2019060031 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0031.v1).

Abstract

Plant pathogens utilize effectors to subvert host cell biology for facilitating infection. However certain effectors, called as the avirulence proteins, trigger immune responses in the host. AvrPi54 is an avirulence protein from fungus Magnaporthe oryzae which induces the defense reactions in rice cells that contain Pi54 resistance gene. The characterization of such proteins and elucidation of their function facilitate the understanding of the mechanism of disease establishment. In present study, physiochemical properties of AvrPi54 were analysed using computational methods. We found that mature AvrPi54 is a small, hydrophobic and secretary protein with 134 amino acids. It is rich in small amino acids with no significant homology with other proteins in databases. The gene ORF was cloned in pET28a(+) vector and expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3)pLysS. The protein was purified using affinity chromatography. Transient expression of the gene in epidermal cells of onion bulb is a powerful tool to predict the subcellular localization in plant cells. We fused AvrPi54 to eYFP and transformed epidermal cell layer of onion bulb. Fused protein localized to the plasma membrane and nucleus of plant cells. Therefore, AvrPi54 might be functioning in the host cell as transcription factor or chromatin remodelling factor to modify pathogenesis-related processes.

Subject Areas

avirulence; resistance; avrPi54; secretory protein; localization; particle bombardment

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