Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Laser-Plasma and Self-Absorption Measurements with Applications to Analysis of Atomic and Molecular Stellar Astrophysics Spectra

Version 1 : Received: 28 May 2019 / Approved: 30 May 2019 / Online: 30 May 2019 (08:53:35 CEST)

How to cite: Parigger, C.; Helstern, C.M.; Gautam, G. Laser-Plasma and Self-Absorption Measurements with Applications to Analysis of Atomic and Molecular Stellar Astrophysics Spectra. Preprints 2019, 2019050364 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0364.v1). Parigger, C.; Helstern, C.M.; Gautam, G. Laser-Plasma and Self-Absorption Measurements with Applications to Analysis of Atomic and Molecular Stellar Astrophysics Spectra. Preprints 2019, 2019050364 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0364.v1).

Abstract

This work discusses laboratory measurements of atomic and diatomic molecular species in laser-plasma generated in gases. Noticeable self-absorption of the Balmer series hydrogen alpha line occurs for electron densities of the order of one tenth of standard ambient temperature and pressure density. Emission spectra of selected diatomic molecules in air or specific gaseous mixtures at or near atmospheric pressure reveal minimal plasma re-absorption. Abel inversion of the plasma in selected gases and gas mixtures confirm expansion dynamics that unravel regions of atomic and molecular species of different electron temperature and density. Time resolved spectroscopy diagnoses self-absorption of hydrogen alpha and hydrogen beta lines in ultra-high pure hydrogen gas. Radiation from a Nd:YAG laser device induces micro-plasma for pulse widths in the range of 6 ns to 14 ns, energies in the range of 100 mJ to 800 mJ, and for peak irradiance of the order 1 to 10 TW/cm2. Atomic line profiles yield electron density and temperature from fitting of line profiles to wavelength and sensitivity corrected spectral radiance data. Analysis of measured diatomic emission data yields excitation temperature of primarily molecular recombination spectra. Applications of the laboratory experiments extend to investigations of stellar astrophysics white dwarf spectra.

Subject Areas

atomic and molecular spectroscopy; time-resolved spectroscopy; laser plasma; laser-induced optical breakdown; stellar astrophysics spectra; white dwarf stars; hydrogen; carbon Swan spectra

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