Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Silver Decoration and Light Irradiation on the Antibacterial Activity of TiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles

Version 1 : Received: 23 May 2019 / Approved: 24 May 2019 / Online: 24 May 2019 (12:44:36 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Nguyen, V.T.; Vu, V.T.; Nguyen, T.H.; Nguyen, T.A.; Tran, V.K.; Nguyen-Tri, P. Antibacterial Activity of TiO2- and ZnO-Decorated with Silver Nanoparticles. J. Compos. Sci. 2019, 3, 61. Nguyen, V.T.; Vu, V.T.; Nguyen, T.H.; Nguyen, T.A.; Tran, V.K.; Nguyen-Tri, P. Antibacterial Activity of TiO2- and ZnO-Decorated with Silver Nanoparticles. J. Compos. Sci. 2019, 3, 61.

Journal reference: J. Compos. Sci. 2019, 3, 61
DOI: 10.3390/jcs3020061

Abstract

This work emphasizes to use silver decorative method to enhance the antibacterial activity of TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles. These silver decorated nanoparticles (hybrid nanoparticles) were synthesized by using sodium borohydride as a reducing agent, with the weight ratio of Ag precursors: oxide nanoparticles = 1: 30. The morphology and optical property of these hybrid nanoparticles were investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and UV–vis spectroscopy. The agar-well diffusion method was used to evaluate their antibacterial activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria, with or without light irradiation. The TEM images indicated clearly that silver nanoparticles (AgNPs, 5-10 nm) were well deposited on the surface of nano-TiO2 particles (30-60 nm). Besides, smaller AgNPs (< 2 nm) were dispersed on the surface of nano-ZnO particles (20-50 nm). UV-vis spectra confirmed that the hybridization of Ag and oxide nanoparticles led to shift the absorption edge of oxide nanoparticles to the lower energy region (visible region). The antibacterial tests indicated that both oxide pure nanoparticles did not exhibit inhibitory against bacteria, with or without light irradiation. However, the presence of AgNPs in their hybrids, even at low content (< 40 mg/mL) leads to a good antibacterial activity and the higher inhibition zones under light irradiation as compared to that in dark was observed.

Subject Areas

silver nanoparticles; nano-TiO2; nano- ZnO; nanohybrids; antibacterial

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