Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Generation of Particles by Quantum Loops

Version 1 : Received: 20 May 2019 / Approved: 21 May 2019 / Online: 21 May 2019 (11:24:32 CEST)

How to cite: Diel, H. The Generation of Particles by Quantum Loops. Preprints 2019, 2019050259 Diel, H. The Generation of Particles by Quantum Loops. Preprints 2019, 2019050259


Quantum loops are processes that constitute quantum objects. In the causal model of quantum loops and quantum objects presented here, the nonlinear processes involve the elementary units of spacetime and the associated elementary units of quantum fields. As such, quantum loop processes are the sources of gravitational fields (i.e., spacetime curvature) and of the quantum objects wave function. The model may be viewed as a derivative of loop quantum gravity, spin networks and causal dynamical triangulation, although significant deviations to these theories exist. The causal model of quantum loops is based on a causal model of spacetime dynamics where space(-time) consists of interconnected space points, each of which is connected to a small number of neighboring space points. The curvature of spacetime is expressed by the density of these space points and by the arrangement of the connections between them. The quantum loop emerges in a nonlinear collective behavioral process from a collection of space points that carry energy and quantum field attributes.


spacetime models; causal models; nonlinear dynamics; relativity theory; quantum field theory; quantum loops


Physical Sciences, Particle and Field Physics

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