Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Hardware Factors Influencing Interlayer Bonding Strength of Parts Obtained by Fused Filament Fabrication

Version 1 : Received: 7 May 2019 / Approved: 9 May 2019 / Online: 9 May 2019 (12:34:37 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Journal reference: Polymers 2019
DOI: 10.3390/polym11111870

Abstract

Current paper investigates the influence of hardware setup and parameters of a 3D printing process based on fused filament fabrication (FFF) technology on resulting sample strength. Three-point bending of samples printed with long side oriented along Z axis was used as a measure of the interlayer bonding strength. The same CAD model was converted into NC-programs through same slicing software to be run on four different desktop FFF 3D printers, out of filament of same brand and color. Within all the printers same ranges of layer thickness values from 0.1 to 0.3 mm and feed rates from 25 to 75 mm/s were planned to be varied. All the machines demonstrated statistically almost identical values of maximum flexural strength, however the different machines exhibited maximum sample strength with different combinations of varied parameters. Among all the hardware factors observed, the most important was proved to be extruder type, direct or Bowden. This feature fundamentally changes the nature of studied parameters influence onto the resulting strength of the FFF process. For the extruders of Bowden type the length of flexible guiding tube is of great importance.All the machines demonstrated statistically almost identical values of maximum flexural strength, however the different machines exhibited maximum sample strength with different combinations of varied parameters. Among all the hardware factors observed, the most important was proved to be extruder type, direct or Bowden. This feature fundamentally changes the nature of studied parameters influence onto the resulting strength of the FFF process. For the extruders of Bowden type the length of flexible guiding tube is of great importance.

Subject Areas

fused filament fabrication; fused deposition modeling; interlayer bonding; direct extruder; Bowden extruder

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