Osaki, S.; Kintoki, T.; Moriuchi-Kawakami, T.; Kitamura, K.; Wakida, S.-I. Investigation of Polyurethane Matrix Membranes for Salivary Nitrate ISFETs to Prevent the Drift. Sensors2019, 19, 2713.
Osaki, S.; Kintoki, T.; Moriuchi-Kawakami, T.; Kitamura, K.; Wakida, S.-I. Investigation of Polyurethane Matrix Membranes for Salivary Nitrate ISFETs to Prevent the Drift. Sensors 2019, 19, 2713.
We have studied on the stress measurement by making use of salivary nitrate, which can be a candidate of stress markers, with ion-selective field-effect transistors (ISFETs). ISFETs are suitable for on-site single-drop analysis of salivary nitrate within 10 seconds. However, when ISFETs are used for salivary nitrate, ISFETs have a problem which is called the initial drift. The initial drift makes it difficult for determination of an accurate nitrate monitoring. Thus, the purpose of this study is to suppress an initial drift and to search for new easy polymer to possess more performance of sensor responses than conventional matrix membrane such as PVC. In this research, we investigated ISFETs using specific matrix membrane for example, KP-13, Pellethane® and P7281-PU. The initial drift was evaluated from the fluctuation of the response values generated by ISFETs which are immersed in saliva or aqueous solution. As a result, P7281-PU showed its suppression effect for the initial drift in the whole saliva and various solutions. Furthermore, the cause of drift may be H+ diffusion, and drift suppression effect of P7281-PU may be affected by urethane bond capturing H+ in ion-selective membrane. This result suggests a continuous nitrate monitoring and development of wearable sensors.
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