Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Crystal Period Vectors under External Stress in Statistical Physics

Version 1 : Received: 3 April 2019 / Approved: 8 April 2019 / Online: 8 April 2019 (08:48:22 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 23 April 2019 / Approved: 23 April 2019 / Online: 23 April 2019 (12:18:56 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 16 November 2019 / Approved: 18 November 2019 / Online: 18 November 2019 (04:39:26 CET)

How to cite: Liu, G. Crystal Period Vectors under External Stress in Statistical Physics. Preprints 2019, 2019040076 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0076.v1). Liu, G. Crystal Period Vectors under External Stress in Statistical Physics. Preprints 2019, 2019040076 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0076.v1).

Abstract

A basic and general equation to determine their period vectors (cell edge vectors) is necessary in physics, especially when crystals are under external stress. It has been derived in Newtonian dynamics in these years. Since statistical physics should also generate such, here we derive it. By extending the normal way for crystals under external pressure, regarding crystal cells as being filled with continuous media, writing the work done by the external stress on the crystal explicitly, and deriving the forces on the surfaces of the cells by the external stress, we arrived at the equation for the period vectors, which is in principle the same as the above mentioned counterpart achieved in Newtonian dynamics. It should be applicable when crystals are under different pressures in different directions, like in piezoelectric and piezomagnetic phenomena.

Subject Areas

period vectors; external stress; crystal struture prediction; statistical physics

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