Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

MicroRNA-21 and PTEN Expression Levels Are Negatively Correlated in Doxorubicin Resistant MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cell Line

Version 1 : Received: 28 March 2019 / Approved: 30 March 2019 / Online: 30 March 2019 (06:46:35 CET)

How to cite: Astuti, I.; Sofyannoor, G.M.; Oktriani, R.; Wardana, T.; Anwar, S.L.; Aryandono, T.; Mubarika Haryana, S. MicroRNA-21 and PTEN Expression Levels Are Negatively Correlated in Doxorubicin Resistant MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cell Line. Preprints 2019, 2019030287 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201903.0287.v1). Astuti, I.; Sofyannoor, G.M.; Oktriani, R.; Wardana, T.; Anwar, S.L.; Aryandono, T.; Mubarika Haryana, S. MicroRNA-21 and PTEN Expression Levels Are Negatively Correlated in Doxorubicin Resistant MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cell Line. Preprints 2019, 2019030287 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201903.0287.v1).

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality and morbidity among Indonesian women. Identification of biological pathways leading into therapeutic resistance through in vitro model is an important step to develop alternative effective therapy in breast cancer. Loss of PTEN expression has been associated with resistance to chemotherapy by involving PI3K/PTEN- dependent apoptosis pathway. We conducted in vitro experiment to investigate the association of hsa-miR-21 and PTEN expression in Doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 cell line. Methods:  Parental MCF-7 cells were periodically incubated with Doxorubicin to obtain specific Dox-resistant variant determined by IC50 using MTT assay. PTEN protein expression was analyzed using immunocytochemistry. Expression of mature has-miR-21 was measured using qRT-PCR. Results: The IC50 of Doxorubicin in parental MCF-7 and Doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 cells (MCF-7/Dox) was 0.68 and 5.78 µg/ml, respectively. Hsa-miR-21 was significantly overexpressed in MCF-7/Dox cells compared to parental MCF cells (7.94 fold changes). Conclusion: PTEN and hsa-miR-21 expression levels were negatively correlated in Doxorubicin resistant-MCF cells. Further study to confirm the causal relationship of miR-21 overexpression and PTEN downregulation in MCF-7/Dox is required.

Subject Areas

resistant; microRNA-21; doxorubicin; PTEN; MCF-7/Dox cell line

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