Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Robust Multidimensional Optical Modulation Based on Hybrid Subcarrier/Amplitude/Phase/Dual Polarization for Wavelength-Division Multiplexing Systems

Version 1 : Received: 25 March 2019 / Approved: 26 March 2019 / Online: 26 March 2019 (16:18:05 CET)

How to cite: Ortega, A.; Peñafiel, B. Robust Multidimensional Optical Modulation Based on Hybrid Subcarrier/Amplitude/Phase/Dual Polarization for Wavelength-Division Multiplexing Systems. Preprints 2019, 2019030246 Ortega, A.; Peñafiel, B. Robust Multidimensional Optical Modulation Based on Hybrid Subcarrier/Amplitude/Phase/Dual Polarization for Wavelength-Division Multiplexing Systems. Preprints 2019, 2019030246

Abstract

Here, we propose a novel scheme based on advanced techniques of digital modulation in optical communications to achieve a single-channel transmission rate above 100 Gb/s. We utilize a hybrid scheme amplitude/phase/frequency/dual polarization, combined with multidimensional dual lattice and a low-density parity-check-coded modulation. The Stokes parameters are applied to the proposed scheme to map the four-dimensional classical polarization \({I_X},{Q_X},{I_Y},{Q_Y}\) in a three-dimensional space. In addition, in the proposed system, the packing theory is applied to the bit interleaver process, three wavelengths are packaged before being transmitted over a wavelength-division multiplexing optical channel. This modulation process is carried out using symmetrical geometric shapes, such as a hypercube or a polyhedron, based on the molecular links theory using a grouping of 12 and 13/15 bits for the cubic and spherical lattices, respectively. The proposed technique is evaluated in the context of long distance communications over distances up to 100 km. The bit error rate results showed that the optical signal-to-noise ratio was approximately 4 dB over a distance of 50 km. In addition, the power spectral efficiency was found to be 3 lambda, which is considered good performance considering the effects of distance and the non-linear effects influencing the number of lambdas. Also, we use an optical time division multiplexing scheme (OTDM) in order to achieve a transmission rate beyond 1Tbit/s, where the speed effect is evaluated, taking into consideration that the power spectral efficiency is degraded. Furthermore, the average noise floor is -60dBm for all transmission distances. These findings are expected to contribute to the future implementation of robust long-distance optical communication infrastructure.

Subject Areas

Coherent Optical Communications; Polyhedron; Hypercube; Multidimensional Modulations; Stokes parameters; Poincar\'e sphere

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