Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

An Updated Review on the Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Etiology and Diagnosis of Liver Cirrhosis

Version 1 : Received: 9 March 2019 / Approved: 11 March 2019 / Online: 11 March 2019 (09:44:18 CET)

How to cite: Geong, G.Y.; Kang, S.H.; Lee, C.M. An Updated Review on the Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Etiology and Diagnosis of Liver Cirrhosis. Preprints 2019, 2019030128 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201903.0128.v1). Geong, G.Y.; Kang, S.H.; Lee, C.M. An Updated Review on the Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Etiology and Diagnosis of Liver Cirrhosis. Preprints 2019, 2019030128 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201903.0128.v1).

Abstract

Liver cirrhosis is a chronic disease that is characterized by the presence of fibrosis and regeneration of nodules in the liver whose consequences are the development of portal hypertension and liver failure. Cirrhosis arises from a wide variety of chronic diseases, which progresses slowly after years or decades. Liver cirrhosis is a public health problem. It is usually associated with viral hepatitis, consumption of alcohol, metabolic syndrome, autoimmune processes, storage diseases, toxic substances, and medications. Cirrhosis is the fourteenth most common cause of death in adults throughout the world, the fourth in Europe and the ninth in the United States. The prevalence of this disease is underestimated because it is symptomatic it is not diagnosed in initial stages, and it usually goes to the decompensated stage at a rate of 5 to 7% per year. We review here the epidemiology, pathophysiology, etiology, and diagnosis of liver cirrhosis.

Subject Areas

Liver cirrhosis; epidemiology; etiology; risk factors; pathophysiology; diagnosis.

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