Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Quantum Chemical and Kinetic Study on Radical/Molecule Formation Mechanism of Pre-Intermediates for PCTA/PT/DT/DFs from 2-Chlorothiophenol and 2-Chlorophenol Precursors

Version 1 : Received: 24 February 2019 / Approved: 26 February 2019 / Online: 26 February 2019 (11:29:37 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zuo, C.; Wang, H.; Pan, W.; Zheng, S.; Xu, F.; Zhang, Q. Quantum Chemical and Kinetic Study on Radical/Molecule Formation Mechanism of Pre-Intermediates for PCTA/PT/DT/DFs from 2-Chlorothiophenol and 2-Chlorophenol Precursors. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1542. Zuo, C.; Wang, H.; Pan, W.; Zheng, S.; Xu, F.; Zhang, Q. Quantum Chemical and Kinetic Study on Radical/Molecule Formation Mechanism of Pre-Intermediates for PCTA/PT/DT/DFs from 2-Chlorothiophenol and 2-Chlorophenol Precursors. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1542.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1542
DOI: 10.3390/ijms20071542

Abstract

Polychlorinated phenoxathiins (PCPTs), polychlorinated dibenzothiophenes (PCDTs), and polychlorinated thianthrenes (PCTAs) are sulfur analogues of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/DFs). Chlorothiophenols(CTPs) and chlorophenols (CPs) are key precursors to form PCTA/PT/DTs, which can form chloro(thio)phenoxy radical, sulfydryl/hydryl-substituted phenyl radical and (thio)phenoxyl diradicals. The available radical/radical PCTA/DT formation mechanism failed to explain the higher concentration of PCDTs than that of PCTAs under the pyrolysis or combustion conditions. Thus in this work, a detailed thermodynamics and kinetic calculations were carried out to investigate the pre-intermediates formation for PCTA/PT/DTs from radial/molecule coupling of 2-C(T)P with their key radical species. Our study found that the radial/molecule mechanism can thermodynamically and kinetically contribute to the gas-phase formation of PCTA/PT/DT/s. The S/C coupling modes to form thioether-(thio)enol intermediats are preferable over the O/C coupling modes to form ether-(thio)enol intermediats. Thus, although the radial/molecule coupling of chlorophenoxy radical with 2-C(T)P have no effect on the PCDD/PTs formation, the radial/molecule coupling of chlorothiophenoxy radical with 2-C(T)P play an important role in the PCDT/PT formation. Most importantly, the pre-PCDT intermediates formation pathways from the coupling of sulfydryl/hydryl-substituted phenyl radical with 2-C(T)P and the coupling of (thio)phenoxyl diradicals with 2-C(T)P are more favorable to pre-PCTA/PT intermediates formation pathways from the coupling of chlorothiophenoxy radical with 2-C(T)P, which can give reasonable explanation for the high PCDT-to-PCTA ratio in the environment.

Subject Areas

PCTA/PT/DTs; formation mechanism; radical/molecule coupling; density functional theory; rate constant

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