Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Gamma and Beta Model of Growing and Rotating Planck Ball

Version 1 : Received: 15 February 2019 / Approved: 20 February 2019 / Online: 20 February 2019 (11:37:37 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 4 March 2019 / Approved: 5 March 2019 / Online: 5 March 2019 (06:43:15 CET)

How to cite: U.V, S.S.; Lakshminarayana, S. Gamma and Beta Model of Growing and Rotating Planck Ball. Preprints 2019, 2019020189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0189.v2). U.V, S.S.; Lakshminarayana, S. Gamma and Beta Model of Growing and Rotating Planck Ball. Preprints 2019, 2019020189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0189.v2).

Abstract

With reference to Planck scale, Mach’s relation, increasing support for large scale cosmic anisotropy and preferred directions and by introducing two new parameters Gamma and Beta, right from the beginning of Planck scale, we make an attempt to estimate ordinary matter density ratio, dark matter density ratio, mass, radius, temperature, age and expansion velocity (from and about the baby universe in all directions). We would like suggest that, from the beginning of Planck scale, 1) Dark matter can be considered as a kind of cosmic foam responsible for formation of galaxies. 2) Cosmic angular velocity is directly proportional to squared cosmic temperature. 3) Ratio of critical temperature to actual temperature plays a heuristic role in understanding ordinary and dark matter density ratios. 4) Cosmic expansion velocity increases with decreasing total matter density ratio. 5) There is no need to consider dark energy for understanding cosmic acceleration.

Subject Areas

Planck scale; Mach’s relation; quantum cosmology; critical density; ordinary matter; dark matter; expansion velocity; angular velocity; Hubble’s law

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