Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Mental Health Issues in Madhya Pradesh: Insights from National Mental Health Survey of India 2016.

Version 1 : Received: 29 January 2019 / Approved: 30 January 2019 / Online: 30 January 2019 (09:25:43 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kokane, A.; Pakhare, A.; Gururaj, G.; Varghese, M.; Benegal, V.; Rao, G.N.; Arvind, B.; Shukla, M.; Mitra, A.; Yadav, K.; Chatterji, R.; Ray, S.; Singh, A.R. Mental Health Issues in Madhya Pradesh: Insights from National Mental Health Survey of India 2016. Healthcare 2019, 7, 53. Kokane, A.; Pakhare, A.; Gururaj, G.; Varghese, M.; Benegal, V.; Rao, G.N.; Arvind, B.; Shukla, M.; Mitra, A.; Yadav, K.; Chatterji, R.; Ray, S.; Singh, A.R. Mental Health Issues in Madhya Pradesh: Insights from National Mental Health Survey of India 2016. Healthcare 2019, 7, 53.

Journal reference: Healthcare 2019, 7, 53
DOI: 10.3390/healthcare7020053

Abstract

Background: India has one-fifth of the world's population and the number of people suffering from mental illness is assumed to be huge considering the contribution of mental disorders to the overall burden of the disease being 13.9 %. Objectives of Study: To estimate prevalence and patterns of mental illnesses to assess the current mental health services and systems in the Madhya Pradesh. Material and Methods: Multi-stage, stratified, random cluster sampling technique, with random selection based on probability proportionate to size at each stage. A total of 3240 individuals aged 18 years and above were interviewed. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed. A set of 10 instruments including Mini International Neuro-psychiatric Interview were utilized. Results: The overall weighted prevalence for any mental illness was 16.7% lifetime and 13.9% current. Treatment-gap for all mental health problems is as high as 91% in the state along with huge socioeconomic impact of mental illness. Conclusions: This huge burden of mental, behavioural and substance use disorders, in Madhya Pradesh, calls for immediate attention of political leaders, policy makers, health professionals, opinion-makers and society at large. It is hoped that the data from the study will inform mental health policy and legislation and help shape mental health care delivery systems in the country.

Subject Areas

Mental disorder, treatment gap, health system, Madhya Pradesh.

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