Preprint Communication Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Model to Study and Target HPV Replication and Transcription

Version 1 : Received: 28 January 2019 / Approved: 30 January 2019 / Online: 30 January 2019 (04:42:41 CET)

How to cite: Evans, M.R.; Fontan, C.T.; James, C.D.; Wang, X.; Morgan, I.M.; Bristol, M.L. A Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Model to Study and Target HPV Replication and Transcription. Preprints 2019, 2019010298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0298.v1). Evans, M.R.; Fontan, C.T.; James, C.D.; Wang, X.; Morgan, I.M.; Bristol, M.L. A Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Model to Study and Target HPV Replication and Transcription. Preprints 2019, 2019010298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0298.v1).

Abstract

The incidence of human papillomavirus-related head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HPV+HNSCC) has reached epidemic levels in the last decade. While prophylactic vaccines will prevent future HPV infections, there are currently no HPV-specific antiviral drugs to treat current HPV infections or HPV+HNSCC. HPV replication and transcription are promising targets for anti-HPV therapeutics, as modulation of these processes can alter expression levels of HPV E6 and E7, which are required for maintenance of the transformed phenotype. This is a particularly attractive target in in HPV+HNSCC where the majority of tumors have episomal genomes replicating in an E1-E2 dependent manner. Here, we describe a model system to study HPV16 E1-E2 mediated DNA replication and HPV16 E2-mediated transcriptional activation and repression in multiple HNSCC cell lines. Our results demonstrate that low levels of IFIT1 are required for HPV16 replication in HNSCC cell lines and HPV16 E1 interacts with IFIT1. Restoration of IFIT1 expression in HNSCC cell lines partially inhibits HPV16 E1-E2 mediated replication. This system can be used to study replication and transcription by HPV16 E1 and E2 in HNSCC as well as be utilized to screen potential anti-HPV therapeutics that target HPV16 replication and transcription.

Subject Areas

papillomaviruses; HPV; replication; transcription; E1; E2; IFIT1; cancer; HNSCC

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