Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Genesis of the Koka Gold Deposit in Northwest Eritrea, NE Africa: Constraints from Fluid Inclusions and C-H-O-S Isotopes

Version 1 : Received: 14 January 2019 / Approved: 15 January 2019 / Online: 15 January 2019 (09:57:18 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhao, K.; Yao, H.; Wang, J.; Ghebretnsae, G.F.; Xiang, W.; Xiong, Y.-Q. Genesis of the Koka Gold Deposit in Northwest Eritrea, NE Africa: Constraints from Fluid Inclusions and C–H–O–S Isotopes. Minerals 2019, 9, 201. Zhao, K.; Yao, H.; Wang, J.; Ghebretnsae, G.F.; Xiang, W.; Xiong, Y.-Q. Genesis of the Koka Gold Deposit in Northwest Eritrea, NE Africa: Constraints from Fluid Inclusions and C–H–O–S Isotopes. Minerals 2019, 9, 201.

Journal reference: Minerals 2019, 9, 201
DOI: 10.3390/min9040201

Abstract

The Koka gold deposit is located in the Elababu shear zone between the Nakfa terrane and the Adobha Abiy terrane, NW Eritrea. Based on the paragenetic study two main stages of gold mineralization were identified in the Koka gold deposit: 1) an early stage of pyrite-chalcopyrite-sphalerite-galena-gold-quartz vein; and 2) a second stage of pyrite-quartz veins. NaCl-aqueous inclusions, CO2-rich inclusions, and three-phase CO2-H2O inclusions occur in the quartz veins at Koka. The ore-bearing quartz veins formed at 268℃, from NaCl-CO2-H2O(-CH4) fluids averaging 5 wt% NaCl eq. The ore-forming mechanisms include fluid immiscibility during stage I, and mixing with meteoric water during stage II. Oxygen, hydrogen and carbon isotopes suggest that the ore-forming fluids originated as mixtures of metamorphic water, meteoric water and magmatic water, whereas sulfur isotope suggest an igneous origin. Features of geology and ore-forming fluid at Koka deposit are similar to those of orogenic gold deposits, suggesting the Koka deposit might be an orogenic gold deposit related to granite.

Subject Areas

C-H-O isotopes; fluid inclusion; Koka deposit; orogenic gold deposit

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