Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Intraparietal Sulcuschanges the Grip Force Modulation Exerted by Manual Action-Verbs – An Exploratory Study

Version 1 : Received: 9 January 2019 / Approved: 11 January 2019 / Online: 11 January 2019 (16:08:14 CET)

How to cite: da Silva, R.L.; Frak, V.; Higgins , J.. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Intraparietal Sulcuschanges the Grip Force Modulation Exerted by Manual Action-Verbs – An Exploratory Study. Preprints 2019, 2019010119 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0119.v1). da Silva, R.L.; Frak, V.; Higgins , J.. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Intraparietal Sulcuschanges the Grip Force Modulation Exerted by Manual Action-Verbs – An Exploratory Study. Preprints 2019, 2019010119 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0119.v1).

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of left intraparietal sulcus (IPS) inhibition by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on grip force modulation (GFM) for both hands during a unimanual task. Methods: GFM induced by manual action-verb listening was evaluated for each hand in a unimanual task, and the motor-evoked potentials (MEP) were recorded for both left and right hemispheres prior to and following the left IPS inhibition. Left IPS inhibition was obtained by rTMS (5 min of 1.0 Hz, 60% of maximal stimulator output) of the international 10–20 system P3 point. Seven healthy right-handed subjects were evaluated. Results: One-way repeated measures ANOVA found that MEP amplitude and duration increased following IPS inhibition in the left hemisphere and did not change in the right hemisphere. Language-induced modulation did not change in the left hemisphere, while it was significantly attenuated in the right hemisphere. Since IPS inhibition increased the left primary motor cortex (M1) excitability, the maintenance of language-induced modulation intensity suggests it was also attenuated. Conclusion: Left IPS inhibition increased left M1 excitability without changing right M1 excitability, while attenuating the language-induced GFM for both the left and right hands.

Subject Areas

embodied language, grip force modulation, intraparietal sulcus, motor-evoked potential, right hemisphere

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