Working Paper Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Wearables as Digital Evidence

Version 1 : Received: 22 December 2018 / Approved: 26 December 2018 / Online: 26 December 2018 (12:05:27 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 22 March 2019 / Approved: 25 March 2019 / Online: 25 March 2019 (11:06:29 CET)

How to cite: Khairallah, T.; SHamlawi, A. Wearables as Digital Evidence. Preprints 2018, 2018120313 Khairallah, T.; SHamlawi, A. Wearables as Digital Evidence. Preprints 2018, 2018120313


Digital Evidence is considered as an important type of evidence in many legal cases. Many legislations have dedicated laws to the collection, handling and admissibility of digital evidence. New technologies and new devices are rapidly being developed, which creates new sources of digital evidence. This presents a challenge to law enforcement agencies and digital investigators to stay up to date with the rapid development in the digital field. This paper discusses a relatively new source of digital evidence which is the evidence extracted from Wearable devices. A Fitbit fitness tracker is one of the most common wearable devices used by many people today. This paper presents a case study whereby data extracted from a Fitbit was used as a digital evidence. The admissibility and the challenges of using Wearables as digital evidence is also discussed.


Forensics, digital forensics, wearable, law


Computer Science and Mathematics, Hardware and Architecture

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