Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Interactive Effects of Secondary Macronutrients and Micronutrients on the Grain Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Use Efficiencies of Maize in the Guinea Savannas of Nigeria

Version 1 : Received: 14 December 2018 / Approved: 17 December 2018 / Online: 17 December 2018 (05:23:39 CET)

How to cite: Garba, I.I.; Jibrin, J.M.; Kamara, A.Y.; Adnan, A.A.; Abdulrahman, B.L.; Shehu, B.M.; Adam, A.M. Interactive Effects of Secondary Macronutrients and Micronutrients on the Grain Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Use Efficiencies of Maize in the Guinea Savannas of Nigeria. Preprints 2018, 2018120174 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0174.v1). Garba, I.I.; Jibrin, J.M.; Kamara, A.Y.; Adnan, A.A.; Abdulrahman, B.L.; Shehu, B.M.; Adam, A.M. Interactive Effects of Secondary Macronutrients and Micronutrients on the Grain Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Use Efficiencies of Maize in the Guinea Savannas of Nigeria. Preprints 2018, 2018120174 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0174.v1).

Abstract

To close the nutrient-related yield gaps in maize, balanced nutrition using primary and secondary macronutrients as well as micronutrients is recommended. Multi-nutrient diagnostic field trials were conducted in Guinea Savanna of Nigeria to assess the interactive effects of macronutrients and micronutrients on maize grain yields, nutrient uptake as well as N, P and K use efficiencies. The treatments consisted of a control (zero fertilizer applied), an NPK treatment and 10 other treatments in which macronutrient (Mg, S) and/or micronutrients (B, and Zn) were added to the NPK. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications. Data collected were subjected to mixed model with nutrient management strategy as fixed effects while replication nested in location and interaction between location and nutrient management strategy as random effects. The results revealed significant effects (P < 0.05) of nutrient management strategy on maize yield, nutrient uptake and nutrient use efficiencies of N, P and K. The study revealed that yield advantage over the recommended NPK fertilizer as a result of application macronutrients and micronutrients were highest with Mg in Lere (2.4 t ha−1), S + B + Zn in Faskari (2.8 t ha−1), S + B in Doguwa (1.5 t ha−1) and S + Zn in Toro (2.4 t ha−1).  Addition of Mg, S and B significantly increases macronutrient uptakes over the recommended NPK only. Agronomic use efficiency, internal utilization efficiency, apparent recovery efficiency and partial factor productivity were significantly increased with the addition of S, Mg, and B but were not improved with Zn application. It was concluded that nutrient limitations to maize in the Guinea Savanna go beyond N, P and K. This study recommends that S, Mg, and B are needed to improve maize productivity and engender improve the use efficiency of NPK fertilizers.

Subject Areas

secondary macronutrients; micronutrients; maize; use efficiency; nutrient uptake

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