Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Numerical Analysis on the Cooling Performance of a Hybrid Personal Cooling System (HPCS) under Different Hot Environments

Version 1 : Received: 2 December 2018 / Approved: 3 December 2018 / Online: 3 December 2018 (16:11:11 CET)

How to cite: Kang, Z.; Wan, X.; Wang, F.; Raj, U.; Yang, B. Numerical Analysis on the Cooling Performance of a Hybrid Personal Cooling System (HPCS) under Different Hot Environments. Preprints 2018, 2018120034 Kang, Z.; Wan, X.; Wang, F.; Raj, U.; Yang, B. Numerical Analysis on the Cooling Performance of a Hybrid Personal Cooling System (HPCS) under Different Hot Environments. Preprints 2018, 2018120034

Abstract

The hybrid personal cooling system (HPCS) consisted of ventilation fans and phase change materials (PCMs) covered with insulation pads is a promising wearable cooling system to mitigate heat strain and heat-related illnesses of occupational workers with heavy labor in hot environments. Effects of clothing characteristics (e.g., thermal resistance of insulation pads, latent heat and melting temperature of PCMs) on the thermal performance of the HPCS have been investigated in detail in our previous study. Apart from the aforementioned factors, environmental conditions, i.e., environmental temperature and relative humidity, also significantly affect the thermal performance of the HPCS. In this paper, a numerical parametric study was performed to investigate the effects of the environmental temperature and relative humidity (RH) on the thermal management of the HPCS. Five levels of air temperature under environmental RH=50% were chosen (i.e., 32, 34, 36, 38 and 40 ºC) to study the impact of environmental temperature on the HPCS’s cooling performance. In addition, four levels of environmental RH at ambient temperatures of 36 and 40 ºC were selected (i.e., 30, 50, 70 and 90%) to examine the effect of RH on cooling performance of the HPCS. Results show that high environmental temperatures could accelerate the PCM melting process and thereby weaken the cooling performance of HPCS. In the moderately hot environment (36 °C), the HPCS presented good cooling performance with the maximum core temperature at around 37.5 °C during excise when the ambient RH≤70%, whereas good cooling performance could be only seen under RH≤50% in the extremely hot environment (40 °C). Thus, it may be concluded that the maximum environmental RH for the HPCS exhibiting good cooling performance decreases with the increase in the environmental temperature.

Subject Areas

personal cooling system; heat and mass transfer; environmental temperature; relative humidity; phase change materials; thermal management

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