Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Laboratory Surrogate Markers of Residual HIV Replication among Distinct Groups of Individuals under Antiretroviral Therapy

Version 1 : Received: 22 November 2018 / Approved: 26 November 2018 / Online: 26 November 2018 (08:32:26 CET)

How to cite: Giron, L.; Tenore, S.; Janini, M.; Sucupira, C.; Diaz, R. Laboratory Surrogate Markers of Residual HIV Replication among Distinct Groups of Individuals under Antiretroviral Therapy. Preprints 2018, 2018110575 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0575.v1). Giron, L.; Tenore, S.; Janini, M.; Sucupira, C.; Diaz, R. Laboratory Surrogate Markers of Residual HIV Replication among Distinct Groups of Individuals under Antiretroviral Therapy. Preprints 2018, 2018110575 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0575.v1).

Abstract

Background: The presence of HIV residual replication markers was investigated among distinct subgroups of individuals on antiretroviral treatment (ART). Methods: One hundred sixteen patients were distributed into 5 treatment groups: first-line suppressive ART with a non-nucleoside analog reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) (n = 26), first-line suppressive ART with boosted protease inhibitors (PI-r) (n = 25), suppressive salvage therapy using PI-r (n = 27), suppressive salvage therapy with PI-r and raltegravir (n = 22) and virologic failure (n = 16). Episomal and total DNA quantitation was evaluated. HIV antibody and LPS quantitation was performed. Results: Episomal DNA was positive in 26% to 38% of individuals under suppressive ART, and it was higher among ART virologic failure group (p = 0.04). HIV proviral load was higher among patients with detectable episomal DNA (p = 0.01). Individuals receiving initial PI-r treatment presented lower HIV antibody (p = 0.027) and LPS (p = 0.029) levels than individuals receiving NNRTI. There was a negative correlation between episomal DNA quantitation and the duration of suppressive ART (p = 0.04), CD4+ T-cell count (p = 0.08), and CD8+ T-cell count (p = 0.07). Conclusions: Residual HIV replication has been inferred among individuals under suppressive ART according to episomal DNA detection. Residual replication may decrease with longer periods of suppressive ART and higher levels of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. The relationship between episomal DNA and total DNA suggests there is a replenishment of the proviral reservoir. Lower antibody and LPS levels among patients with initial PI-r ART suggest these regimens may more effectively suppress HIV, more effectively decreasing HIV antigenic component.

Subject Areas

antiretroviral treatment; residual HIV replication; episomal DNA; proviral DNA; antibody quantitation; LPS

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