Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Review on the Geographical Distribution, Fruit Production and Concentration of Capsaicinoids in Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum in the Northeastern Region of Mexico

Version 1 : Received: 19 November 2018 / Approved: 21 November 2018 / Online: 21 November 2018 (06:45:41 CET)

How to cite: Martínez-Ávalos, J.G.; Venegas-Barrera, C.S.; Martínez-Gallegos, R.; Torres-Castillo, J.A.; Olazarán Santibáñez, F.E.; Mora-Olivo, A.; Guerra-Pérez, A.; Arellano-Méndez, L.U.; Garza Ocañas, F. A Review on the Geographical Distribution, Fruit Production and Concentration of Capsaicinoids in Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum in the Northeastern Region of Mexico. Preprints 2018, 2018110517 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0517.v1). Martínez-Ávalos, J.G.; Venegas-Barrera, C.S.; Martínez-Gallegos, R.; Torres-Castillo, J.A.; Olazarán Santibáñez, F.E.; Mora-Olivo, A.; Guerra-Pérez, A.; Arellano-Méndez, L.U.; Garza Ocañas, F. A Review on the Geographical Distribution, Fruit Production and Concentration of Capsaicinoids in Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum in the Northeastern Region of Mexico. Preprints 2018, 2018110517 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0517.v1).

Abstract

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum, is a variety of wild chili pepper belonging to the family Solanaceae and is considered as the origin for all cultivated chili species of the world. This species is an important genetic resource for agriculture and food, is widely distributed in northeastern Mexico in altitudes from 0 – 1200 m.a.s.l. This species grows mainly at low altitudes and its upper limit reaches 1000m., it prefers temperatures above 18.3O C and its production and harvest may ocurr at two seasons, one during the beginning of the summer and the main one ocurring in the middle of the autumn in northeast México. It is estimated that the main production occurs in the state of Tamaulipas with 84 tons per year and is harvested from 23 municipalities. Concentration of capseicins and dihydrocapsaicine from wild populations may vary considerably from one location to another in the municipalities, ecotypes and diverse climatic conditions from this wide geographic zone. The high demands of wild chili as well as the variability on concentration of capseicins in fruits are considered as some of the main reasons why intensive cultivation of this species should be carried out in Northeastern Mexico.

Subject Areas

distribution; species; wild chilli pepper; Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum

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