Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Migrant Workers and Physical Health: an Umbrella Review

Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2018 / Approved: 19 November 2018 / Online: 19 November 2018 (17:20:19 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mucci, N.; Traversini, V.; Giorgi, G.; Garzaro, G.; Fiz-Perez, J.; Campagna, M.; Rapisarda, V.; Tommasi, E.; Montalti, M.; Arcangeli, G. Migrant Workers and Physical Health: An Umbrella Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 232. Mucci, N.; Traversini, V.; Giorgi, G.; Garzaro, G.; Fiz-Perez, J.; Campagna, M.; Rapisarda, V.; Tommasi, E.; Montalti, M.; Arcangeli, G. Migrant Workers and Physical Health: An Umbrella Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 232.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2019, 11, 232
DOI: 10.3390/su11010232

Abstract

Migrants are mainly employed in "3D Jobs" dirty, dangerous, difficult, characterized by monotony, intense rhythms, in sectors at higher risk as construction, heavy industry, agriculture. Aim of this study is to elaborate a systematic review, in order to identify the main occupational risks and occupational diseases of this category. Research included articles published from 2013 to 2018 on the major online databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library and Scopus), using a combination of some keywords (migrant workers, expatriates, physical health, diseases, illnesses, travel, travelers, work and occupational). The online search indicated 1.109 references. We excluded 977 studies, because unrelated to physical health and 64 due to duplication. They were analyzed 68 articles, including 6 reviews and 62 original article. The main risk emerged are to developing infectious diseases, metabolic cardiovascular diseases and to manifesting a lower quality of life, in particular due to difficulties in accessing local health services. It will be crucial to implement the role of occupational medicine in order to introduce multilevel interventions designed to prevent work-related injuries and illnesses and to promote healthier working environments.

Subject Areas

migrant workers; expatriates; workplace; physical health; umbrella review; organizational psychology; occupational health

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