Preprint Brief Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Safety Occupants at Residential Houses in Libya

Version 1 : Received: 13 November 2018 / Approved: 16 November 2018 / Online: 16 November 2018 (06:56:01 CET)

How to cite: Mkharem, M.; Adam, N.M.; Supeni, E.E. Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Safety Occupants at Residential Houses in Libya . Preprints 2018, 2018110379 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0379.v1). Mkharem, M.; Adam, N.M.; Supeni, E.E. Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Safety Occupants at Residential Houses in Libya . Preprints 2018, 2018110379 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0379.v1).

Abstract

Fire accidents are common accidents amongst residential house occupants in Libya. Some of the factors that can mitigate fire accidents in Libyan residential houses include fire safety awareness and knowledge. This study investigated the level of awareness and knowledge of fire safety amongst residential house occupants in Libya. The possibility and consequences of fire hazards and risk existing in residential houses in Libya were also studied. Experimental data obtained for 1.5 m/s and 3.5 m/s as walking and running evacuation time, respectively amongst residential house occupants in Libya were also compared. The sample consist of 90 respondents with instruments of fire safety awareness and knowledge, fire hazard and consequences, and the involvement of residential house occupants in fire emergency. Statistical analysis was performed at p < 0.05 to determine the levels of residential awareness and knowledge regarding fire safety and the hazard and consequences. The findings illustrated that the items were highly reliable (α > 0.7) and normally distributed. Also, the results illustrated that the majority of residential house occupants in Libya have fair level of fire safety awareness and knowledge with overall percentage of 80% and 90%, respectively. On the other hand, the results further showed that majority of residential house occupants have good level of fire emergency involvement with 90%. This paper proposes a fire safety assessment method which may form the basis of future fire safety practice in Libya.

Subject Areas

awareness emergency; evacuation time; fire hazard; fire safety; knowledge; Libya

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