Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Buckypaper Like Adsorbent Based on Amphiphilic Graphite Nanofilaments for Removal of Enzyme Biomolecules from Water

Version 1 : Received: 13 November 2018 / Approved: 15 November 2018 / Online: 15 November 2018 (11:08:43 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Homaeigohar, S.; Elbahri, M. An Amphiphilic, Graphitic Buckypaper Capturing Enzyme Biomolecules from Water. Water 2019, 11, 2. Homaeigohar, S.; Elbahri, M. An Amphiphilic, Graphitic Buckypaper Capturing Enzyme Biomolecules from Water. Water 2019, 11, 2.

Journal reference: Water 2018, 11, 2
DOI: 10.3390/w11010002

Abstract

Development of carbon nanomaterials for adsorption thus removal of organic pollutants from water is a progressive research subject. In this regard, carbon nanomaterials with bifunctionality towards polar and non-polar or even amphiphilic undesired materials is indeed attractive for further study and implementation. Here, we created carbon buckypaper adsorbents comprising amphiphilic (oxygenated amorphous carbon (a-COx)/graphite (G)) nanofilaments that can dynamically adsorb organic biomolecules (i.e. urease enzyme) and thus purify the wastewaters of relevant industries. Given the dynamic conditions of the test, the adsorbent was highly efficient in adsorption of the enzyme (88%) while permeable to water (2382 L.h-1.m-2), thus holds a great promise for further development and upscaling. A subsequent citric acid functionalization declined selectivity of the membrane to urease, implying the biomolecules adsorb mostly via graphitic domains rather than oxidized, polar amorphous carbon ones. The devised platform i.e. the urease functionalized buckypaper is optimally conductive (13 S.cm-1) and can be further employed as a biosensor. Accordingly, water treatment can be linked to biosensing via a nanostructured membrane.

Subject Areas

Carbon; nanofiber; membrane; urease; biomolecules; water treatment

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