Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Drought Effects on Vessel Plasticity of Two Endemic Magnolia Species in the Tropical Montane Cloud Forests of Eastern Mexico

Version 1 : Received: 9 November 2018 / Approved: 12 November 2018 / Online: 12 November 2018 (10:31:23 CET)

How to cite: Rodríguez-Ramírez, E.C.; Vázquez-García, J.A.; Alcántara-Ayala, O.; Luna-Vega, I. Drought Effects on Vessel Plasticity of Two Endemic Magnolia Species in the Tropical Montane Cloud Forests of Eastern Mexico. Preprints 2018, 2018110282 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0282.v1). Rodríguez-Ramírez, E.C.; Vázquez-García, J.A.; Alcántara-Ayala, O.; Luna-Vega, I. Drought Effects on Vessel Plasticity of Two Endemic Magnolia Species in the Tropical Montane Cloud Forests of Eastern Mexico. Preprints 2018, 2018110282 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0282.v1).

Abstract

The distribution of Mexican Magnolia species´ occur under restricted climatic conditions. As many other tree species from the tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF), Magnolia species appear to be sensitive to drought. Through the use of dendrochronological techniques, this study aims to determine the climate influence on the vessel traits of M. vovidesii and M. schiedeana which are endangered tree species that are endemic to the Sierra Madre Oriental in eastern Mexico. Because most of the tree species in TMCFs are sensitive to climate fluctuations, it is necessary to investigate the differences in the climatic adaptability of the vessel architecture of these trees. This could allow us to further understand the potential peril of climate change on TMCFs. We compared vessel frequency, length and diameter in drought and non–drought years in two Mexican Magnolia species. We used tree–rings width and vessel traits to assess the drought effects on Magnolias’ diffuse–porous wood back to the year 1929. We obtained independent chronologies for M. vovidesii with a span of 75 years (1941–2016), while for M. schiedeana we obtained a span of 319 years (1697–2016). We found that temperature and precipitation are strongly associated with differences in tree–ring width (TRW) between drought and non–drought years. Our results showed anatomical differences in vessel trait response between these two Magnolia species to climatic variation. We suggest that our approach of combining dendroclimatic and anatomical techniques is a powerful tool to analyse anatomic wood plasticity to climatic variation in Magnolia species.

Subject Areas

adaptive forestry; dendroecology; diffuse–porous wood; drought years; vessel traits; wood anatomy

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