Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Fusarium graminearum Colors and Deoxynivalenol Synthesis at Different Water Activity

Version 1 : Received: 4 November 2018 / Approved: 5 November 2018 / Online: 5 November 2018 (12:09:07 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Cambaza, E.; Koseki, S.; Kawamura, S. Fusarium graminearum Colors and Deoxynivalenol Synthesis at Different Water Activity. Foods 2019, 8, 7. Cambaza, E.; Koseki, S.; Kawamura, S. Fusarium graminearum Colors and Deoxynivalenol Synthesis at Different Water Activity. Foods 2019, 8, 7.

Journal reference: Foods 2018, 8, 7
DOI: 10.3390/foods8010007

Abstract

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a well-known mycotoxin, responsible for outbreaks of gastrointestinal disorders in Japan. Fusarium graminearum, a parasite of cereal crops, produces this toxin and this is one of the reasons why it is important to understand its metabolism. It is possible to predict the mold’s color change and the quantity of DON synthesized throughout its lifecycle. Furthermore, aw has been found to affect the amount of DON. This study aimed to analyze the potential of F. graminearum surface color as a predictor of DON concentration at aw = 0.94, 0.97 and 0.99. Thus, 36 specimens were incubated at 25 °C, 12 at each aw. After 4, 8, 12 and 16 days, 3 specimens from each aw were collected for color analysis and DON quantification. For color analysis, photos were taken and red, green and blue (RGB) channels were measured on ImageJ software. DON was quantified through liquid chromatography (HPLC). Color changes were only observed at aw = 0.99 because at lower aw the molds presented high growth of white mycelium. Yet, DON increased in all cases. It was only possible to relate the colors with DON concentration at aw = 0.99, where they presented inverse proportionality.

Subject Areas

Fusarium graminearum; deoxynivalenol; RGB; water activity

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.