Ziolkowski, P.; Zabrocki, K.; Müller, E. TEG Design for Waste Heat Recovery at an Aviation Jet Engine Nozzle. Appl. Sci.2018, 8, 2637.
Ziolkowski, P.; Zabrocki, K.; Müller, E. TEG Design for Waste Heat Recovery at an Aviation Jet Engine Nozzle. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2637.
The application of thermoelectric generators (TEG) on the nozzle of an aviation jet engine was studied by finite element TEG-simulations. Against the background of system-level requirements of the reference aircraft this work reports the resulting requirements on the TEG design with respect to applied thermoelectric (TE) element lengths and fill factors (F) within the TE modules in order to maintain a positive effect on the specific fuel consumption. Assuming a virtual optimized TE material and varying the convective heat transfer coefficients at the nozzle surfaces this work reports the achievable power output. System-level requirement on the gravimetric power density (> 100 Wkg-1) can only be met for F ≤ 21%. Extrapolating TEG coverage to the full nozzle surface, the power output reaches 1.65 kW per engine. Assessment of further potential is demonstrated by a parametric study on the fill factor, convective heat transfer coefficients, and materials performance. This study confirms a feasible design range for TEG installation on the aircraft nozzle with a positive impact on the fuel consumption. This application translates into a reduction of operational costs, allowing for an economically efficient installation of TEG in consideration of the cost-specific power output of modern thermoelectric materials.
thermoelectric generator, energy conversion, energy harvesting, aviation, jet engine, specific fuel consumption, module design, fill factor, FEM, simulation
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