Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Food Derived Peptides Reduced COX-2 Expression in Angiotensin II-Stimulated Adventitial Fibroblasts

Version 1 : Received: 30 October 2018 / Approved: 2 November 2018 / Online: 2 November 2018 (04:48:42 CET)

How to cite: Garcés-Rimón, M.; Galán, M.; Salaices, M.; Miguel, M. Food Derived Peptides Reduced COX-2 Expression in Angiotensin II-Stimulated Adventitial Fibroblasts. Preprints 2018, 2018110013 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0013.v1). Garcés-Rimón, M.; Galán, M.; Salaices, M.; Miguel, M. Food Derived Peptides Reduced COX-2 Expression in Angiotensin II-Stimulated Adventitial Fibroblasts. Preprints 2018, 2018110013 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0013.v1).

Abstract

Prostanoids modulate the pathogenesis of vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, in which inflammation has an important role. It is well known that inducible Ciclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is responsible for prostanoid production associated with inflammation. Angiotensin II may be implicated through the expression of COX-2 in the vascular wall. The purpose of this study was to examine in angiotensin II-stimulated adventitial fibroblasts the anti-inflammatory activity of different food peptides by inhibiting COX-2 expression, and the production of pro-inflammatory prostanoids. Fibroblasts from aorta of Sprague-Dawley rats were incubated with different food derived peptides followed by incubation with Angiotensin II. COX-2 expression was determined by western blot, transcriptional activity by luciferase assays and prostaglandin E2 by enzyme immunoassay. COX-2 expression was inhibited in the presence of Val-Pro-Pro (bovine β-casein 84–86), Arg-Asp-Ile-Leu-Asn-Gln (ovalbumin 84–89) and Tyr-Arg-Gly-Gly-Leu-Glu-Pro-Ile-Asn-Phe (ovalbumin 125–134). Angiotensin II-induced prostaglandin E2 production was also reduced by all the above-mentioned sequences. The incubation with ovalbumin-derived peptides displayed a significant reduction of COX-2 promoter activity compared to the stimuli with Angiotensin II in transiently transfected cells. These three sequences could potentially be used as functional food ingredients to reduce inflammation related to cardiovascular diseases.

Subject Areas

bioactive peptides; hypertension; ciclooxygenase-2; fibroblast; functional food

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