Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis and Correlated Factors: An Histomorphometric Study

Version 1 : Received: 31 October 2018 / Approved: 1 November 2018 / Online: 1 November 2018 (18:29:08 CET)

How to cite: Buffoli, B.; Grazetti, G.; Calza, S.; Scotti, E.; Borsani, E.; Cappa, V.; Rimondini, L.; Mensi, M. Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis and Correlated Factors: An Histomorphometric Study. Preprints 2018, 2018100775 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0775.v1). Buffoli, B.; Grazetti, G.; Calza, S.; Scotti, E.; Borsani, E.; Cappa, V.; Rimondini, L.; Mensi, M. Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis and Correlated Factors: An Histomorphometric Study. Preprints 2018, 2018100775 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0775.v1).

Abstract

Background: Periodontitis is a disease that leads to serious functional and aesthetic dysfunctions resulting in impairment of life quality; it exists in different forms and its etiology is related with multiple component causes. Angiogenesis, together with inflammatory infiltrate, are two key processes in the evolution of inflammatory processes involving gingival tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate their alterations in relation to some important periodontal diseases-associated factors (i.e. smoke, sex, age, plaque, pus, probing pocket depth) in patients with diagnosis of Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis (GAP). Methods: Eighteen subjects with GAP were enrolled for this study. Percentage of inflammatory cells and vascular area were measured and evaluated in relation with each periodontal diseases-associated factor. Results: The results showed a significant decrease of the percentage of vascular area in association with almost all the periodontal diseases-related factors (smoke, age, PPD, plaque) and not significant differences in the percentage of inflammatory cells. Conclusions: Data suggest that, even if these factors are often commonly related to worsening of periodontal status, they did not affect inflammatory and vascular pattern, as we can assume. For the future, additional studies, aimed to evaluated each singular factor in a wider sample size, should be planned.

Subject Areas

Generalized aggressive periodontitis, histomorphometric analysis, smoke, plaque, aging, Pocket Probing Depth (PPD).

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