Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Application of Biochar to the Remediation of Pb-Contaminated Solutions

Version 1 : Received: 30 October 2018 / Approved: 30 October 2018 / Online: 30 October 2018 (20:35:07 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Boni, M.R.; Chiavola, A.; Marzeddu, S. Application of Biochar to the Remediation of Pb-Contaminated Solutions. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4440. Boni, M.R.; Chiavola, A.; Marzeddu, S. Application of Biochar to the Remediation of Pb-Contaminated Solutions. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4440.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2018, 10, 4440
DOI: 10.3390/su10124440

Abstract

The BIOTON® biochar, produced by a wood biomass pyrolysis process, usually applied as a soil amendment, was investigated for a novel application, i.e. the adsorption of lead from contaminated solutions. The experimental activity firstly included the physical-chemical characterization of BIOTON®; SEM images were also obtained to highlight its internal structure. The adsorption process was investigated through batch and column experiments. Adsorption kinetics showed a very rapid achievement of the equilibrium conditions, i.e. at 2h and 4h for 50 mg/L and 100 mg/L initial Pb concentration, respectively. Complete removal also occurred within the same time. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller model better fitted the equilibrium data for both Pb concentrations, whereas the kinetics were best represented by the pseudo second order model. The column tests showed that the addition of biochar as adsorbent media within the bed significantly extended the time of breakthrough and exhaustion, with respect to the column filled with soil only. The adsorption capacities of BIOTON® versus lead solutions was found to be comparable to that reported for commercial adsorbents. Therefore, BIOTON® can be considered a valid option, with the additional benefit to reduce the environmental impact since allows to recover a residue which alternately would need to be disposed of.

Subject Areas

Adsorption; Batch; Biochar; Column; Lead; Remediation

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