Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Pierre Auger Observatory: Review of Latest Results and Perspectives

Version 1 : Received: 27 October 2018 / Approved: 29 October 2018 / Online: 29 October 2018 (05:29:29 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Góra, D.; for the Pierre Auger Collaboration. The Pierre Auger Observatory: Review of Latest Results and Perspectives. Universe 2018, 4, 128. Góra, D.; for the Pierre Auger Collaboration. The Pierre Auger Observatory: Review of Latest Results and Perspectives. Universe 2018, 4, 128.

Journal reference: Universe 2018, 4, 128
DOI: 10.3390/universe4110128

Abstract

The Pierre Auger Observatory is the world's largest operating detection system for the observation of ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). The detector allows detailed measurements of their energy spectrum, mass composition and arrival directions of primary cosmic rays in the energy range above $10^{17}$ eV. The data collected at the Observatory over the last decade show the suppression of the cosmic ray flux at energies above $4\times10^{19}$ eV. However, it is still unclear if this suppression is caused by the propagation of cosmic rays or rather by energy limitation of their sources. The other puzzle is the origin of UHECRs. Some clues can be drawn from studying the distribution of their arrival directions. The recently observed dipole anisotropy has an orientation which indicates an extragalactic origin of UHECRs. The Auger surface detector array is also sensitive to showers due to ultra high energy neutrinos of all flavours and photons, and recent neutrino and photon limits provided by the Observatory can constrain models of the cosmogenic neutrino production and exotic scenarios of the UHECRs origin, such as the decays of super heavy particles. In this paper the recent results on measurements of the energy spectrum, mass composition and arrival directions of cosmic rays, and future prospects are presented.

Subject Areas

pierre auger observatory; ultra high energy cosmic rays; extensive air showers

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