Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Early Response to Liberation and Climatic Seasonality of Selected Timber Species in a Tropical Mountain Forest of Southern Ecuador

Version 1 : Received: 25 October 2018 / Approved: 26 October 2018 / Online: 26 October 2018 (06:32:36 CEST)

How to cite: Cabrera, O.; Fries, A.; Hildebrandt, P.; Mosandl, R. Early Response to Liberation and Climatic Seasonality of Selected Timber Species in a Tropical Mountain Forest of Southern Ecuador. Preprints 2018, 2018100620 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0620.v1). Cabrera, O.; Fries, A.; Hildebrandt, P.; Mosandl, R. Early Response to Liberation and Climatic Seasonality of Selected Timber Species in a Tropical Mountain Forest of Southern Ecuador. Preprints 2018, 2018100620 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0620.v1).

Abstract

Research Highlights: The study determined that selective thinning causes different responses, the initial size of the tree released is an influential factor in the growth of species. The temporality of climate and physiological conditions of each species are influential in the growth. It is evident that the defoliation of certain species is an important factor that limits the growth of the species causing thinning to have a negative response. Background and Objectives: The objective is to analyze the behavior of nine timber species, respective to diametric growth after their liberation. This research aims to answer the following questions: (i) How do the selected tree species react to the liberation? (ii) Can the productivity of the trees (diametric growth) be enhanced by liberation? (iii) Are there other factors that influence the diametric growth of the released trees? Materials and Methods: The study was executed in the “Reserva Biológica San Francisco” were 488 trees were monitored, including nine timber species. Therefore, 197 trees were released (removal of competitors) and 251 trees served as reference. To check whether the initial DBH or other factors, like the selective thinning or climate conditions, determine the diameter growth a linear mixed model GLMM was applied. To adjust the linear mixed model a one-way Anova test was executed. Results: Timber species responded differently to the thinning in comparing to reference trees. Therefore, the species analyzed were separated into three groups (positive, negative, and no response to liberation). Conclusions: Liberation potentiates the growth of certain timber species that do not defoliate and considered semi-tolerant to shade. Precipitation and temperature affect all species, but in the defoliate species, it would not be convenient to release them or at least the evidence of these first three years does not show clear differences with control trees. Increase in trees released are higher in trees of the first two diametric classes in all species, this means that larger trees (i.e., older) release does not affect them in a positive way so release should occur in the youngest trees.

Subject Areas

tropical mountain forest; Podocarpus; Cedrela; Tabebuia; selective thinning; diametric growth

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