Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Vibro-Acoustic Optimization Study for the Volute Casing of a Centrifugal Fan

Version 1 : Received: 20 October 2018 / Approved: 24 October 2018 / Online: 24 October 2018 (11:14:57 CEST)

How to cite: Zhang, J.; Chu, W.; Zhang, J.; Lv, Y. Vibro-Acoustic Optimization Study for the Volute Casing of a Centrifugal Fan. Preprints 2018, 2018100569 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0569.v1). Zhang, J.; Chu, W.; Zhang, J.; Lv, Y. Vibro-Acoustic Optimization Study for the Volute Casing of a Centrifugal Fan. Preprints 2018, 2018100569 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0569.v1).

Abstract

Concerning fan systems with an air pipe connecting air intake and a closed outlet, aerodynamic noise cannot be directly transmitted from the fan inlet and outlet to the outside. At this moment, the volute vibrational radiation noise induced casing surface vibration is the major noise component. The main factors affecting the fan vibrational noise are analyzed through theoretical derivation, then a vibrational noise optimization control method for the volute casing is proposed that considered the influence of vibro-acoustic coupling, taking the panel thickness of the volute (front-panel thickness [FT], side-panel thickness [ST], and back-panel thickness [BT]) as design variables, and the acoustical power of the volute surface and the total mass of the volute as the optimal target function. The optimization method is mainly divided into three main parts: the first was based on the simulation of unsteady flow of the fan to obtain the vibrational noise source; the second, using the design of experimental (DOE) method and the proposed numerical simulation of fluid-structure-acoustic coupling method to obtain the designing space, then the radical-based function (RBF) method is used to construct the approximate surrogate model instead of the simulation model previously mentioned, which was used to provide the basic mathematical model for the optimization of the next part; the third part, implementing the low vibrational noise optimization for the fan volute, applied the single-target (taking volute radiated acoustical power as the target function) and the multi-target (taking the volute radiated acoustical power and volute total mass as the target function) methods. In addition, the fan aerodynamic performance, volute casing surface fluctuations, and vibration response were validated by experiments, showing good agreement. It is of utmost importance that the dynamic pressure measurements and vibrational tests on the volute casing verify the accuracy of the numerical calculation. The optimization results showed that the vibrational noise optimization method proposed in this study can effectively reduce the vibration noise of the fan, obtaining a maximum value of noise reduction of 7.3 dB. The optimization identified in this paper provides a significant reference for the design of a low-vibrational-noise volute.

Subject Areas

centrifugal fan; unsteady flow; vibroacoustics; fluid-structure-acoustic coupling; optimization

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