Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Transcriptome Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNA in the Bovine Mammary Gland Following Dietary Supplementation with Linseed and Safflower Oil

Version 1 : Received: 9 October 2018 / Approved: 9 October 2018 / Online: 9 October 2018 (10:53:39 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M.; Li, R.; Dudemaine, P.-L.; Do, D.N.; Bissonnette, N. Transcriptome Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNA in the Bovine Mammary Gland Following Dietary Supplementation with Linseed Oil and Safflower Oil. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3610. Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M.; Li, R.; Dudemaine, P.-L.; Do, D.N.; Bissonnette, N. Transcriptome Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNA in the Bovine Mammary Gland Following Dietary Supplementation with Linseed Oil and Safflower Oil. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3610.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3610
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19113610

Abstract

This study aimed to characterize the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression in the bovine mammary gland and to infer their functions in dietary response to 5% linseed oil (LSO) or 5% safflower oil (SFO). Twelve cows (six per treatment) in mid lactation were fed a control diet for 28 days followed by a treatment period (control diet supplemented with 5% LSO or 5% SFO) of 28 days. Mammary gland biopsies were collected from each animal on day-14 (D-14, control period), D+7 (early treatment period) and D+28 (late treatment period) and were subjected to RNA-Sequencing and subsequent bioinformatics analyses. Functional enrichment of lncRNA was performed via potential cis regulated target genes located within 50 Kb flanking regions of lncRNAs and having expression correlation of >0.7 with mRNAs. A total of 4955 lncRNAs (325 known and 4630 novel) were identified which potentially cis targeted 59 and 494 genes in LSO and SFO treatments, respectively. Enrichments of cis target genes of lncRNAs indicated potential roles of lncRNAs in immune function, nucleic acid metabolism and cell membrane organization processes as well as involvement in Notch, cAMP and TGF-β signaling pathways. Thirty-two and 21 lncRNAs were differentially expressed (DE) in LSO and SFO treatments, respectively. Six genes (KCNF1, STARD13, BCL6, NXPE2, HHIPL2 and MMD) were identified as potential cis target genes of six DE lncRNAs. In conclusion, this study indicated potential roles for lncRNAs in mammary gland immune functions and development and provided potential candidate genes and pathways via which lncRNAs can function in diet responses.

Subject Areas

long non-coding RNA; bovine mammary gland; linseed/safflower oil; lipid metabolism; fatty acid synthesis; cis-regulation

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