Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Paradigm on Sustainable Human Health, Environment and Petroleum-contamination: Constraints and Challenges

Version 1 : Received: 1 October 2018 / Approved: 3 October 2018 / Online: 3 October 2018 (12:01:44 CEST)

How to cite: Chukwuma, C. Paradigm on Sustainable Human Health, Environment and Petroleum-contamination: Constraints and Challenges. Preprints 2018, 2018100044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0044.v1). Chukwuma, C. Paradigm on Sustainable Human Health, Environment and Petroleum-contamination: Constraints and Challenges. Preprints 2018, 2018100044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0044.v1).

Abstract

Human-generated, natural occurrences and other actions connected with the petroleum industry have contributed expansively to the contamination of numerous areas of human habitant, thus effecting overwhelming challenges and constraints to sustainable human health, development and the biosphere. The sites commonly associated include derelict pits, hydrocarbon onshore release sites, and places to where oil slicks exuding from offshore releases are blown onshore. In diverse cases, remediation is pertinent to restore the affected ambient. This is required despite the complexity and intricate pore structure and fluid trafficking trajectories of soil which are not easily amenable to remediation. Due to the complex assemblage of contaminated soil, it is necessary to conduct an encompassing site assessment by considering the potential impact of the environment and human health prior to proper selecting and implementing of a desirable remediation process. There are extant remediation methodologies which are effective and efficient for the clean up of contaminated shorelines and other petroleum-contaminated sites involving inter alia agricultural activities. There are salient variations in the techniques to expunge contaminants regarding spatiotemporal and pecuniary costs or considerations due to the gross environmental hazards entailed. This study provides for the opportunity to harness and sustain the capacity for the mitigation of untoward impacts, and induce the latitude for an enabling condition in sustainable human health, environment and development in the petroleum industry and other anthropogenic activities.

Subject Areas

environmental impact assessment, remediation, petroleum-contaminated sites, environment, health, capacity building

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