Kaushal, N.; Breitenbach, S.F.M.; Lechleitner, F.A.; Sinha, A.; Tewari, V.C.; Ahmad, S.M.; Berkelhammer, M.; Band, S.; Yadava, M.; Ramesh, R.; Henderson, G.M. The Indian Summer Monsoon from a Speleothem δ18O Perspective—A Review. Quaternary2018, 1, 29.
Kaushal, N.; Breitenbach, S.F.M.; Lechleitner, F.A.; Sinha, A.; Tewari, V.C.; Ahmad, S.M.; Berkelhammer, M.; Band, S.; Yadava, M.; Ramesh, R.; Henderson, G.M. The Indian Summer Monsoon from a Speleothem δ18O Perspective—A Review. Quaternary 2018, 1, 29.
As one of the most prominent seasonally recurring atmospheric circulation patterns, the Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM) plays a vital role for the life and livelihood of about a third of the global population. Changes in the strength and seasonality of the ASM significantly affect the region, yet the drivers of change and the varied regional responses of the ASM are not well understood. In the last two decades, there have been a number of studies reconstructing the ASM using stalagmite-based proxies such as oxygen isotopes (18O). Such reconstructions allow examination of the drivers and responses, increasing monsoon predictability. In this review paper, we focus on stalagmite 18O records from India at the proximal end of the ASM region. Indian stalagmite 18O records show well dated, high amplitude changes in response to the dominant drivers of the ASM on orbital to multi-centennial timescales and indicate the magnitude of monsoon variability in response to these drivers. We examine Indian stalagmite records collated in SISAL_v1 (version 1) database (http://researchdata.reading.ac.uk/139/) and support the database with a summary of record quality and regional climatic interpretations of the 18O record during different climate states. We highlight current debates and suggest the most useful time periods (climatic events) and locations for further work using tools such as data-model comparisons, spectral analysis methods, multi-proxy investigations and monitoring work
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