Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Differences of Legionella Pneumophila Serogroups Distribution in Well Water, Tap Water, Ice Cubes, Hospital and Hotel Water in East Java

Version 1 : Received: 14 September 2018 / Approved: 14 September 2018 / Online: 14 September 2018 (14:24:40 CEST)

How to cite: Bimo Aksono, E.; Rachmawati, K.; Bijanti, R. Differences of Legionella Pneumophila Serogroups Distribution in Well Water, Tap Water, Ice Cubes, Hospital and Hotel Water in East Java. Preprints 2018, 2018090269 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0269.v1). Bimo Aksono, E.; Rachmawati, K.; Bijanti, R. Differences of Legionella Pneumophila Serogroups Distribution in Well Water, Tap Water, Ice Cubes, Hospital and Hotel Water in East Java. Preprints 2018, 2018090269 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0269.v1).

Abstract

Background Legionella pneumophila is one of the causes of legionellosis. Water environments serve as the natural habitat and the main sources of Legionella pneumophila. Objectives The aims of this study was to understand the differences of Legionella pneumophila serogroups distribution in well water, tap water, ice cubes, hospital and hotel water in East Java-Indonesia. Methods a total of 60 water samples in east java-Indonesia; from well water (n=25), tap water (n=5), ice cubes (n=5), water from the hospital (n=16), and hotel water (n=9) were detected using polymerase chain reaction with mip gene spesific primers and then it was analyzed by phylogenetic tree. Results For the 60 water samples collected in East Java, 12% of the samples (7/60) were positively contaminated by L. pneumophila. In details, there was 8% of the well water samples (2/25), 2% of the tap water samples (1/5), 2% of the ice cubes samples (1/5), 0% of the hospital water samples (0/16) and 33.33% of the hotel water samples (3/9). The phylogenetic tree showed that Legionella pneumophila contaminating well water isolate 1 from Surabaya and tap water isolate from Sidoarjo was closer to L.pneumophila serogroup 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, isolates from Brazil, China, Spain and Australia. L.pneumophila contaminating the ice cubes from Sidoarjo was closer to serogroup 1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 11, 13, 14, while the bacteria contaminating well water isolate 2 from Sidoarjo as well as water in hotel of Surabaya (hotel water isolate 1, 2 and 3) classified into their own group. Conclusion There is a difference in the distribution of L. pneumophila serogroups between well water, tap water, ice cubes, and hotels.

Subject Areas

L.pneumophila, well water, tap water, ice cubes, hospital water, hotel water

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