Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Framework and a Web Application for Self-assessment of Sustainable Green ICT Practices in SMEs

Version 1 : Received: 31 August 2018 / Approved: 1 September 2018 / Online: 1 September 2018 (13:45:28 CEST)

How to cite: Khan, F.; Porras, J. A Framework and a Web Application for Self-assessment of Sustainable Green ICT Practices in SMEs. Preprints 2018, 2018090002 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0002.v1). Khan, F.; Porras, J. A Framework and a Web Application for Self-assessment of Sustainable Green ICT Practices in SMEs. Preprints 2018, 2018090002 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0002.v1).

Abstract

Green ICT has received significant attention in organizations to reduce global warming since last decade. Several maturity models have been proposed for tracking green ICT practices in organizations. Current literature shows that SMEs around the world try to follow some common strategies such as virtualization, consolidation of devices, energy efficiency and disposal of ICT equipment for greening ICT. The increasing interest for green ICT practices in organizations is not only due to the desire to attain environment-friendly atmosphere but mainly because of sustaining business goals such as cost reduction, competitive advantages and stakeholders’ pressure. Nevertheless, due to the lack of green ICT knowledge, organizations, specially SMEs, tend to ignore those practices. Therefore, this research proposes a framework that provides combination of existing green and sustainable ICT maturity models by mapping them with the strategies the businesses are already following. Out of this framework, a web application has been developed that provides questionnaire for SMEs to identify their present situation of green ICT practices and guidelines for improvement. The results have been analyzed by testing the application in some SMEs of Finland and Bangladesh. Finally, a survey has been conducted to attain SMEs’ perception about the possibility of sustainable development of businesses through this application.

Subject Areas

Green ICT; Sustainability; Green ICT maturity model; Sustainable ICT maturity model; SME;

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