Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Addressing Suicide Risk According to Different Healthcare Professionals in Spain: A Qualitative Study

Version 1 : Received: 29 August 2018 / Approved: 30 August 2018 / Online: 30 August 2018 (05:32:19 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Muñoz-Sánchez, J.-L.; Sánchez-Gómez, M.C.; Martín-Cilleros, M.V.; Parra-Vidales, E.; de Leo, D.; Franco-Martín, M.A. Addressing Suicide Risk According to Different Healthcare Professionals in Spain: A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2117. Muñoz-Sánchez, J.-L.; Sánchez-Gómez, M.C.; Martín-Cilleros, M.V.; Parra-Vidales, E.; de Leo, D.; Franco-Martín, M.A. Addressing Suicide Risk According to Different Healthcare Professionals in Spain: A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2117.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2117
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15102117

Abstract

OBJETIVE: This study analyses the views of four groups of healthcare professionals who may play a role in the management of suicidal behaviour. The goal was to identify key factors for suicide prevention in different areas of the healthcare system. METHODOLOGY: Qualitative research was conducted using focus groups made up of different healthcare professionals who participated in the identification, management and prevention of suicidal behaviour. Professionals included were primary care physicians, psychologists, psychiatrists and emergency physicians. RESULTS: ‘Suicide’ was amongst the most relevant terms that came up in discussions most of the times it appeared associated with words such as ‘risk’, ‘danger’ or ‘harm’. In the analysis by categories, the four groups of professionals agreed that interventions in at-risk behaviours are first in importance. Prevention was the second main concern with greater significance among psychiatrists. DISCUSSION: Primary care professionals claim for more time to address patients at risk for suicide and an easier access to and communication with the mental health network. Emergency care professionals have a lack of awareness of their role in the detection of risk for suicide in patients who seek attention at emergency care facilities for reasons of general somatic issues. Mental health care professionals are in high demand in case of self-harm but they would like to receive specific training in dealing with g suicidal behaviour.

Subject Areas

suicide; suicidal behaviour; risk of suicide; suicide prevention; health professionals

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