Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Measurement of Opportunity Cost of Travel Time for Predicting Future Residential Mobility Based on the Smart Card Data of Public Transportation

Version 1 : Received: 21 August 2018 / Approved: 22 August 2018 / Online: 22 August 2018 (04:42:05 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 25 September 2018 / Approved: 26 September 2018 / Online: 26 September 2018 (05:46:51 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Maeda, T.N.; Mori, J.; Ochi, M.; Sakimoto, T.; Sakata, I. Measurement of Opportunity Cost of Travel Time for Predicting Future Residential Mobility Based on the Smart Card Data of Public Transportation. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 416. Maeda, T.N.; Mori, J.; Ochi, M.; Sakimoto, T.; Sakata, I. Measurement of Opportunity Cost of Travel Time for Predicting Future Residential Mobility Based on the Smart Card Data of Public Transportation. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 416.

Journal reference: ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 416
DOI: 10.3390/ijgi7110416

Abstract

This study attempts to investigate a method for creating an index from mobility data that not only correlates with the number of people who relocate to a place but also has causal influence on the number of such individuals. By creating an index based on human mobility data, it becomes possible to predict the influence of urban development on future residential movements. In this paper, we propose a method called the travel cost method for multiple places (TCM4MP) by extending the conventional travel cost method (TCM). We assume that the opportunity cost of travel time on non-working days reflects the convenience and amenities of a neighborhood. However, conventional TCM does not assume that the opportunity cost of travel time varies according to the departure place. In this paper, TCM4MP is proposed to estimate the opportunity cost of travel time with respect to the departure place. We consider such estimation as possible due to the use of massive mobility data. We assume that the opportunity cost of travel time on non-working days reflects the convenience and amenities of the neighborhood. Therefore, we consider that the opportunity cost of travel time has a causal influence on future residential mobility. In this paper, the validity of the proposed method is tested using the smart card data of public transportation in Western Japan. Our proposed method is beneficial for urban planners in estimating the effects of urban development and detecting the shrinkage and growth of a population.

Subject Areas

human mobility; residential mobility; smart card; public transportation; opportunity cost of travel time

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