Preprint Essay Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Linking Poverty and Environment as Causes of Conflict: A Case Study of Pakistan

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2018 / Approved: 21 August 2018 / Online: 21 August 2018 (10:51:26 CEST)

How to cite: Azhar, M.U.R.; Masood, S.; Malek, N.M.; Rehman, K. Linking Poverty and Environment as Causes of Conflict: A Case Study of Pakistan. Preprints 2018, 2018080377 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0377.v1). Azhar, M.U.R.; Masood, S.; Malek, N.M.; Rehman, K. Linking Poverty and Environment as Causes of Conflict: A Case Study of Pakistan. Preprints 2018, 2018080377 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0377.v1).

Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical analysis of an International conflict, i.e. East Pakistan Crisis, 1971, and reveals that unequal development creates conflict in society. Natural resource scarcity and environmental degradation can also become a source of conflict, so marginalised and excluded people fight for their rights through non-peaceful means. This essay supports the theoretical approaches of poverty, environment, and conflict nexus and reveals that unequal development and resource scarcity deepens the poverty and creates conflicts in the society, causing harm to the environment. The degraded environment increases the poverty as environment and poverty are interlinked, and the poor have limited choices other than to degrade the environment for their survival. This vicious downward spiral link between poverty and degradation of the environment requires working extensively for poverty alleviation to reverse the environmental decline.

Subject Areas

Poverty and environment, poverty and conflict, conflict and development, conflict and environment, unequal development

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