Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Impact of Major Typhoons on Sea Surface Environment in the Northwestern Pacific Derived from Satellite Remote Sensing

Version 1 : Received: 15 August 2018 / Approved: 15 August 2018 / Online: 15 August 2018 (15:41:28 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Song, D.; Guo, L.; Duan, Z.; Xiang, L. Impact of Major Typhoons in 2016 on Sea Surface Features in the Northwestern Pacific. Water 2018, 10, 1326. Song, D.; Guo, L.; Duan, Z.; Xiang, L. Impact of Major Typhoons in 2016 on Sea Surface Features in the Northwestern Pacific. Water 2018, 10, 1326.

Journal reference: Impact of Major Typhoons in 2016 on Sea Surface Features in the Northwestern Pacific 2018, 10, 1326
DOI: 10.3390/w10101326

Abstract

Studying the interaction between the upper ocean and the typhoons is crucial to improve our understanding of heat and momentum exchange between the ocean and the atmosphere. In recent years, the upper ocean responses to typhoons have received considerable attention. The sea surface cooling (SSC) process has been repeatedly discussed. In the present work, case studies were examined on five strong and super typhoons that occurred in 2016—LionRock, 1610; Meranti, 1614; Malakas, 1616; Megi, 1617; and Chaba 1618—to search for more evidence and new features of typhoon’s impact on the sea surface environment. The typhoon monitoring data from the Central Meteorological Observatory, the sea surface temperature (SST) data from satellite microwave and infrared remote sensing, and the sea surface height anomaly (SSHA) data from satellite altimeters were used to analyze in detail: the SSC features caused by typhoons, the relationship between the SSC and the typhoon travelling speed, and the variations in cold and warm eddies during typhoon passage. Results showed that: (1) SSC generally occurred during typhoon passage and the degree of SSC was always determined by the strength and the travelling speed of the typhoon, as well as the initial SST. (2) One day before or on the day of typhoon passage, the SSHA slightly increased due to low surface pressure. After the typhoon passed, the SSHA obviously decreased along with the SSC. The pre-existing positive SSHAs, which always represent warm eddies, decreased or disappeared during typhoon passage, whereas negative SSHAs or cold eddies were enhanced. (3) New cold eddies were generated, especially at the turning points of the typhoon path. The presence of warm eddies is suggested to have a strengthening effect on the typhoons.

Subject Areas

typhoon; sea surface temperature; sea surface height anomaly; sea surface cooling; warm eddy; cold eddy

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