Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Black Hole Massive Thermodynamics

Version 1 : Received: 13 August 2018 / Approved: 13 August 2018 / Online: 13 August 2018 (17:09:18 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 11 October 2019 / Approved: 12 October 2019 / Online: 12 October 2019 (04:16:45 CEST)

How to cite: Arbab, A. Black Hole Massive Thermodynamics. Preprints 2018, 2018080236. Arbab, A. Black Hole Massive Thermodynamics. Preprints 2018, 2018080236.


A photon inside a gravitational eld de ned by the accelerates g is found to have a gravitational mass given by mg = (ћ=2c3)g, where ћ is the reduced Planck's constant, and c is the speed of light in vacuum. This force is equivalent to the curvature force introduced by Einstein's general relativity. These photons behave like the radiation emitted by a black hole. A black hole emitting such a radiation develops an entropy that is found to increase linearly with black hole mass, and inversely with the photon mass. Based on this, the entropy of a solar black hole emitting photons of mass ~10-33eV amounts to ~1077 kB. The created photons could be seen as resulting from quantum fluctuation during an uncertainty time given by Δt = c/g. The gravitational force on the photon is that of an entropic nature, and varies inversely with the square of the entropy. The power of the massive photon radiation is found to be analogous to Larmor power of an accelerating charge.


Black holes thermodynamics; Entropic force; Electromagnetic-gravity analogy; General Relativity; Massive electrodynamics


Physical Sciences, Thermodynamics

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