Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Low infection of Phelipanche aegyptiaca in Micro-Tom mutants deficient in CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE 8

Version 1 : Received: 8 August 2018 / Approved: 8 August 2018 / Online: 8 August 2018 (15:24:04 CEST)

How to cite: Hasegawa, S.; Tsutsumi, T.; Fukushima, S.; Okabe, Y.; Saito, J.; Katayama, M.; Shindo, M.; Yamada, Y.; Shimomura, K.; Yoneyama, K.; Akiyama, K.; Aoki, K.; Ariizumi, T.; Ezura, H.; Yamaguchi, S.; Umehara, M. Low infection of Phelipanche aegyptiaca in Micro-Tom mutants deficient in CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE 8. Preprints 2018, 2018080172 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0172.v1). Hasegawa, S.; Tsutsumi, T.; Fukushima, S.; Okabe, Y.; Saito, J.; Katayama, M.; Shindo, M.; Yamada, Y.; Shimomura, K.; Yoneyama, K.; Akiyama, K.; Aoki, K.; Ariizumi, T.; Ezura, H.; Yamaguchi, S.; Umehara, M. Low infection of Phelipanche aegyptiaca in Micro-Tom mutants deficient in CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE 8. Preprints 2018, 2018080172 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0172.v1).

Abstract

Strigolactones (SLs), a group of plant hormones, induce germination of root-parasitic plants and inhibit shoot branching in many plants. Shoot branching is an important trait that affects the number and quality of flowers and fruits. Root-parasitic plants such as Phelipanche spp. infect tomato roots and cause economic damage in Europe and North Africa. Thus, resistant tomato cultivars are needed. In this study, we found carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase 8-defective mutants of Micro-Tom tomato (slccd8) by the “targeting induced local lesions in genomes” (TILLING) method. The mutants showed excess branching, which was suppressed by exogenously applied SL. Grafting shoot scions of the slccd8 mutants onto wild-type (WT) rootstocks restored normal branching in the scions. The levels of endogenous orobanchol and solanacol in WT were enough detectable, whereas that in the slccd8 mutants were below the detection limit of quantification analysis. Accordingly, root exudates of the slccd8 mutants hardly stimulated seed germination of root parasitic plants. In addition, SL deficiency did not critically affect the fruit traits of Micro-Tom. Using a rhizotron system, we also found that Phelipanche aegyptiaca infection was lower in the slccd8 mutants than in wild-type Micro-Tom because of the low germination. We propose that the slccd8 mutants might be useful as new tomato lines resistant to P. aegyptiaca.

Subject Areas

carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase 8; Orobanche minor; Phelipanche aegyptiaca; shoot branching; Solanum lycopersicum; strigolactones

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