Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

First Aid Practices and Health Seeking Of Caregivers for Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Ujjain, India: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study

Version 1 : Received: 6 August 2018 / Approved: 6 August 2018 / Online: 6 August 2018 (16:25:34 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 2 September 2018 / Approved: 3 September 2018 / Online: 3 September 2018 (11:41:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Pathak, A.; Agrawal, N.; Mehra, L.; Mathur, A.; Diwan, V. First Aid Practices and Health-Seeking Behaviors of Caregivers for Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Ujjain, India: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Children 2018, 5, 124. Pathak, A.; Agrawal, N.; Mehra, L.; Mathur, A.; Diwan, V. First Aid Practices and Health-Seeking Behaviors of Caregivers for Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Ujjain, India: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Children 2018, 5, 124.

Journal reference: Children 2018, 5, 124
DOI: 10.3390/children5090124

Abstract

Background: There is lack of data on types of community first aids use and treatment given post injuries from many low-middle income countries, including India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among children up-to 18 years of age, in Ujjain district, India to understand types of first aid given and health seeking post injury. Results: A total of 1087 injuries, in 1049 children were identified in last one year, 729 (67%) received, first aid and 758 (72%) sought some healthcare. Children with burns received most (86%) first aid, while most children (84%) with road traffic accidents (RTA) sought health care. Most children (52%) sought healthcare from a private health set-up; most (65%) being transported within the golden hour; motorbikes being the most preferred (50%) mode of transport. Only 1% injured used ambulance services. Commonly reported first aid included: use of coconut oil on wounds from falls (38%) and burns (44%); antiseptic cream on wounds from RTA (31%), turmeric in falls (16%), and rubbing of metal on a bitten site (47%). Potentially harmful substances applied included lime, toothpaste, clay and mud. Conclusion: In most injuries, appropriate locally available substances, were used by the community. Our findings will help design community interventions to increase appropriate first aid in childhood injuries.

Keywords

unintentional childhood injuries; first aid; health seeking, community survey injuries; India

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