Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Predicting Condom Use among Undergraduate Students Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour, Coquimbo, Chile, 2016

Version 1 : Received: 18 July 2018 / Approved: 6 August 2018 / Online: 6 August 2018 (05:52:46 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ramírez-Correa, P.; Ramírez-Santana, M. Predicting Condom Use among Undergraduate Students Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour, Coquimbo, Chile, 2016. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1689. Ramírez-Correa, P.; Ramírez-Santana, M. Predicting Condom Use among Undergraduate Students Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour, Coquimbo, Chile, 2016. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1689.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1689
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15081689

Abstract

Background: Sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy in adolescents are acknowledged public health problems in many countries. Although it is known that the proper use of condoms allows avoiding these health problems, their use in Chile is still limited, for unknown reasons. Objective: Based on planned behavioural theory, the aim was to validate a behaviour model regarding condom use by measuring the influence of the variables that predict this use among Chilean university students. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in October 2016 among 151 Chilean university students belonging to the health and engineering areas. The information was collected through a self-administered survey. The sample was divided into two groups: stable and not stable relationships. Partial least squares (PLS) regression was used for the analysis. Results: It was possible to explain the condom use of the students by 57%. The attitude was the main variable related to the intention of using condoms, together with the perceived behavioural control. Additionally, there are statistically significant differences in the variables that predict condom use among students with stable relations compared to those without a stable relationship. Conclusions: The planned behavioural theory is useful for predicting condom use behaviour when students have a stable partner.

Subject Areas

condoms; behaviour; Latin America; students

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