Lord, R.; Fairbourn, N.; Mylavarapu, C.; Dbeis, A.; Bowman, T.; Chandrashekar, A.; Banayat, T.; Hodges, C.A.; Al-Nakkash, L. Consuming Genistein Improves Survival Rates in the Absence of Laxative in ΔF508-CF Female Mice. Nutrients2018, 10, 1418.
Lord, R.; Fairbourn, N.; Mylavarapu, C.; Dbeis, A.; Bowman, T.; Chandrashekar, A.; Banayat, T.; Hodges, C.A.; Al-Nakkash, L. Consuming Genistein Improves Survival Rates in the Absence of Laxative in ΔF508-CF Female Mice. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1418.
Genistein is a naturally occurring isoflavone found in soy. Mice homozygous for the ∆F508 mutation are characterized with severe intestinal disease and require constant laxative treatment for survival. This pathology mimics the intestinal obstruction (meconium ileus) seen in some cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. We therefore tested whether dietary supplementation with genistein would reduce the dependence of the ∆F508 CF mouse model on laxatives for survival, thereby improving mortality rates. At weaning (21 days), we maintained homozygous ∆F508 mice on three diet regimens for a period of up to 65 days; normal diet, normal diet + Colyte or genistein diet. Survival rates for males were as follows: standard diet (38%), standard diet plus Colyte (83%) or genistein diet (60%). Survival rates for females were as follows: standard diet (47%), standard diet plus Colyte (71%), or genistein diet (87%). Average weight of male mice fed genistein diet increased by ~2.5 g more compared to those with Colyte treatment. Genistein diet did not change final body weight of females. Expression of SGLT-1 increased 2-fold with genistein diet in females (no change in males). Expression of GLUT2 and GLUT5 was comparable between all diet groups. Genistein diet reduced the number of goblet cells per micometer of crypt depth in female, yet was without effect in males. We conclude that supplementation of diet with genistein for ~45 days increases the survival rate of female ∆F508-CF mice precluding the requirement for laxatives, and only improves weight gain in males.
genistein; ∆F508-CF; mouse; survival
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