Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Cationic High Molecular Weight Lignin Polymer: A Flocculant for the Removal of Anionic Azo-Dyes from Simulated Wastewater

Version 1 : Received: 31 July 2018 / Approved: 31 July 2018 / Online: 31 July 2018 (22:27:33 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Wang, S.; Kong, F.; Fatehi, P.; Hou, Q. Cationic High Molecular Weight Lignin Polymer: A Flocculant for the Removal of Anionic Azo-Dyes from Simulated Wastewater. Molecules 2018, 23, 2005. Wang, S.; Kong, F.; Fatehi, P.; Hou, Q. Cationic High Molecular Weight Lignin Polymer: A Flocculant for the Removal of Anionic Azo-Dyes from Simulated Wastewater. Molecules 2018, 23, 2005.

Journal reference: Molecules 2018, 23, 2005
DOI: 10.3390/molecules23082005

Abstract

The presence of dyes in wastewater effluents made from the textile industry is a major environmental problem due to their complex structure and poor biodegradability. In this study, a cationic lignin polymer was synthesized via the free radical polymerization of lignin with [2- (methacryloyloxy) ethyl] trimethylammonium chloride (METAC) and used to remove anionic azo-dyes (reactive black 5, RB5, and reactive orange 16, RO16) from simulated wastewater. The effects of pH, salt and concentration of dyes, well as the charge density and molecular weight of lignin-METAC polymer on dye removal were examined. Results demonstrated that lignin-METAC was an effective flocculant for the removal of dye via charge neutralization and bridging mechanisms. The dye removal efficiency of lignin-METAC polymer was independent of pH. The dosage of the lignin polymer required for reaching the maximum removal had a linear relationship with the dye concentration. The presence of inorganic salts including NaCl, NaNO3 and Na2SO4 had marginal effect on the dye removal. Under the optimized conditions, greater than 98 % of RB5 and 94 % of RO16 were removed at lignin-METAC concentrations of 120 mg/L and 105 mg/L in the dye solutions, respectively.

Subject Areas

lignin-METAC; Lignin modification; Azo dye; Flocculation; COD.

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.